Coffee Varieties Cheat Sheet

You might think of coffee as a monolithic commodity whose variation in flavor mostly has to do with where it is grown, but beyond that is simply a delicious drink that helps us wake up. Though there is a lot of variation in where coffee is grown and the terroir can certainly impact the taste, there is so much more than what meets the eye by the time it reaches our coffee brewers. 

Coffee is a tropical fruit. Before it’s processed, it is harvested as a cherry and the seed of that cherry is the product we refer to as a coffee bean. Most of the coffee we roast in specialty coffee is of the Arabica species of coffee (another species you may have heard of is Robusta). Like many fruits we know and love, there isn’t just one kind of coffee plant. For example, when we think about apples, any number of varieties might come to mind: Granny Smith, Honeycrisp, Red Delicious, to name a few. Just like apples, there are many kinds of coffee plants. We commonly refer to this as coffee varieties, although many coffee plants are technically cultivars, which means they’re a cultivated variety (achieved by an agricultural technique as opposed to being found in nature). When coffee reaches you in its roasted form, it can be a blend of multiple varieties or just one. We’re going to give you a breakdown below of some foundational coffee varieties, but this is just the tip of the iceberg.

Also, a note about the variety vs. varietal phrasing. In coffee, we use the word “variety” when using it as a noun (i.e., “Bourbon Variety”). We use the word “varietal” when using it as an adjective (i.e., “this single varietal coffee from Colombia is great”)

Ethiopia Heirloom

Since Ethiopia is where coffee originated, Heirloom is a term we use to describe the varieties native to Ethiopia. Combined with the fact that Ethiopia does not classify their coffee varieties the way the rest of the world does, the term heirloom has been used as a catch all for Ethiopian coffees by specialty coffee importers for years since they are not usually labeled as “bourbon” or “typica” etc.

Because of this, it’s impossible to identify uniform tasting characteristics across all heirloom varieties. However, a common flavor we taste is iced tea with lemon.



You will see this variety in many of One Village Coffee’s blends and single origins. It’s a very famous and widespread variety and descended from the coffee plant that the French tried to plant in the 1700s on the island of Bourbon, off the coast of Madagascar. From there, it spread to other parts of the world including Brazil, and other parts of South and Central America. What we think of as Bourbon today is a distinctly Latin American variety.

According to World Coffee Research, “Today in Latin America, Bourbon itself has largely been replaced by varieties that descend from it (notably including Caturra, Catuai, and Mundo Novo), although Bourbon itself is still cultivated in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Peru.”

Bourbon is known for growing at high elevations and producing a high quality cup. It’s known for having a sweet and complex flavor and being more delicate. 


Like the Bourbon, Typica is one of the most culturally and genetically important arabica coffees in the world. In the 15th century it originated in Ethiopia, like all arabica coffee, and made its way to Yemen, India, the Netherlands, and eventually to South and Central America where it was the main coffee plant until the 1940s. Due to the fact that it is a low yielding plant and highly susceptible to disease, it has largely been replaced by hardier varieties. 

Generally we taste a high degree of sweetness and a very clean body.


This variety is one of the most well known varieties in Africa. It originated in Kenya in the 1930s in Scott Agricultural Laboratories (hence the SL acronym). It’s known for having a tangy and bright flavor, which we commonly associate with Kenyan coffees. 


Caturra is a natural mutation of the Bourbon variety. It was discovered in Brazil on a plantation in the early 1900s. In this case, Caturra is a true “variety” instead of a cultivar since it is a natural mutation. Since then, caturra has spread throughout Central America to the point that it is now one of the most important coffees in the region. According to World Coffee Research, “in Colombia, Caturra was thought to represent nearly half of the country’s production until a government-sponsored program beginning in 2008 incentivised renovation of over three billion coffee trees with the leaf-rust resistant Castillo variety (which has Caturra parentage).” Coffee leaf rust is a fungus (scientific name Hemileia vastatrix) which is known for devastating whole coffee plantations. While Caturra itself might be susceptible to rust, it’s place in the coffee genus makes it one of the more important varieties. It is known for being one of the parents of the Catimor family of cultivars. Caturra is known for being high in acidity. 


Originating in Brazil, this variety is a blend between the aforementioned Caturra and another variety called Mundo Novo. It’s a more compact plant which allows it to be planted close together, resulting in a higher crop yield. The plants can produce either red or yellow cherries. Red cherries are preferred because of their cleaner acidity. 


We hope this information helps you dig even deeper into each coffee you drink. These were a sampling of the many varieties you may come across. Which other coffee varieties are you curious to learn about? Let us know in the comments!



SCAA archives, A Botanist’s Guide to Specialty Coffee 

World Coffee Research variety catalog


  • Posted by - 라이브카지노 on – 바카라사이트,카지노사이트,온라인바카라,온라인카지노,카지노검증사이트 – 안전카지노 – 카지노추천 – 실시간카지노 – 비바카지노 – 카지노주소 – 인터넷카지노 – 라이브카지노 – 바카라게임 – 퀸즈슬롯온라인카지노롤링/우리카지노-쿠폰/아바타배팅-전화배팅/온라인-슬롯머신게임/우리카지노-sa게임/블랙잭-게임하는법/에볼루션카지노/바카라-게임하는법/호게임/카지노양방/카지노총판/맥스카지노/밀리언클럽카지노/로얄카지노/카심바코리아-슬롯카지노/카지노사이트/

  • Posted by 바카라배팅전략 개츠비카지노 on

    ぺせうれとら 마이크로게임 비바카지노 슬롯카지노 바카라사이트 세부카지노 게임플레이게이밍 바카라사이트 온라인바카라 온라인카지노 온라인바카라 올벳게이밍 빅카지노 맥스카지노쿠폰 바카라사이트주소 온라인바카라 타이산게임 맥스카지노 오카다카지노 카지노블랙잭 플레이슬롯 바카라배팅전략 개츠비카지노 카지노게임 필리핀아바타 카심바슬롯 MGM카지노 바카라게임사이트 moroamee234 인터넷바카라 슬롯카지노 맥스카지노 바카라배팅전략 개츠비카지노 COD카지노 크레이지슬롯 세부카지노 온라인룰렛 포텐슬롯사이트 바카라사이트 카지노사이트추천 비바카지노주소 moroamee234 블랙잭추천 맥스카지노쿠폰 온라인바카라 맥스카지노쿠폰 슬롯카지노 메이저카지노 바카라사이트 바카라잘하는법 온라인바카라 메리트카지노먹튀 마닐라카지노 슬롯나라 필리핀카지노 헤븐카지노 바카라사이트 포텐슬롯사이트 온라인슬롯사이트 카지노룰렛 포텐슬롯주소 카지노검증사이트 아바타바카라 온라인카지노 우리카지노 카지노사이트 SM카지노먹튀 밀리언카지노 포텐슬롯주소 카지노사이트 크레이지슬롯먹튀 포텐슬롯주소 바카라잘하는법 카심바슬롯 타이산게임 바카라배팅전략 개츠비카지노 바카라사이트 바카라그림보는법 슬롯커뮤니티 포텐슬롯사이트 바카라사이트 엔젤카지노 포텐슬롯 세부카지노 moroamee234 카심바코리아 슬롯머신추천 온라인바카라 슬롯머신 바카라규칙 포텐슬롯사이트 바카라배팅전략 개츠비카지노 바카라사이트 인터넷룰렛 33카지노 홈카지노 바카라시스템배팅 카지노 moroamee234 더킹카지노 바카라사이트추천 바카라 どのそうこほ

  • Posted by 안전 토토사이트 추천 on
    안전한 카지노사이트 추천
    안전한 바카라사이트 추천;redirect=

Leave a comment